A Survey of Digital Armory Illustration Tools

[Editor’s Note: This post draws heavily on an FAQ document produced over the course of several years by multiple users in the SCA Heraldry Unofficial Chat Facebook Group. Unfortunately this document was deleted by an unauthorized user in late 2020, but I was able to locate an archived copy from 2019 and combined portions of it with my own notes in order to produce the below post. My thanks to the many people who helped create this resource. — Mathghamhain]

There are a wide variety of electronic tools that can be used for illustrating armory at all stages of the process — sketching out ideas, filling out submission forms, and displaying registered designs.

Each of these programs has both strong points and limitations, and a learning curve associated with getting familiar with the user interface and feature set. There are tutorials and documentation available for each of them online, including web pages and YouTube videos.

Traditional Tools Are Still Useful

It’s also worth remembering that there’s no need to use electronic tools at all. Freehand illustration is perfectly appropriate for both submission and display.

Many heralds still use pencils, pens, and markers to prepare submissions forms, with lightboards or stencils for tracing if needed.

A Warning About Submission Forms

If you create electronic versions of the submissions forms, do not alter them in any way. Place your artwork inside the existing outlines. Altering the existing outlines is grounds for return.

If you have difficulty transferring a digital design to the submission form, you may be better off placing your digital illustration behind a copy of the paper form and tracing it with a pencil or pen.

Consult with your kingdom submissions herald if you have questions or concerns about digital artwork and heraldic submissions.

Three Categories of Software

The software described below is grouped into three categories:

  • Raster graphics  software, sometimes called “painting” programs, use pixels which can each be shaded independently.
  • Vector graphics software, sometimes called “drawing” programs, use lines and shapes which can be scaled and edited indefinitely.
  • Armorial illustration software provides specialized tools for creating armory and related images.

This article provides more information on the differences between vector and raster illustration.

Raster Illustration

The following applications use raster graphics, sometimes called bitmap or “painting” programs, where each pixel can be shaded independently:

  • Pixlr (Web; Free)
  • Paint.net (Windows; Free; Popular)
  • GIMP (Windows/Mac/Linux; Free): An open-source program with powerful editing options. Extensive capabilities come with a significant learning curve.
  • Adobe Photoshop (Windows/Mac; Multiple pricing plans, including $120/year; Industry Standard): Industry-leading commercial painting package. Extensive capabilities come with a significant learning curve.
  • AutoDesk Sketchbook (Windows/Mac; Free)
  • ProCreate (iPad; $10)
  • PhotoPea (Web; Free)
  • Corel PaintShop Pro (Windows. Versions for $64 and $80.)
  • Microsoft Paint (Windows; Free): Limited.
  • Preview (Mac; Free): Limited.

Vector Illustration

The following applications use vector graphics, sometimes called “drawing” programs, which can be scaled arbitrarily without pixelation:

  • Inkscape (Windows/Mac/Linux; Free; Recommended): An open-source program for creating vector graphics. Many tutorials can be found around the internet. Inkscape can open and save PDF files, so it’s excellent for dropping line art into submission forms.
  • Adobe Illustrator (Windows/Mac; Multiple pricing plans, including $240/year; Industry Standard): Very popular commercial drawing package.
  • Microsoft Visio (Windows. Multiple pricing plans, including $180/year): A technical diagramming tool that can also be used for armory. Can export images to SVG and other formats.
  • OmniGraffle (Mac/iOS; versions for $150 and $250): Similar to Visio. Can import and export SVG, and PDF.
  • CorelDraw (Windows; $350)

Nearly every vector graphics application will export in raster formats, for example allowing you to convert SVG images to PNG or JPEG files. However, you might need a separate vectorization tool to convert a raster image to vector format, for example  to import a JPEG image into a tool that works with SVG files.

  • Auto-Tracer (Web; Free): Supports colors.
  • Vectorization (Web; Free): Black and white only. Powered by Potrace.
  • Inkscape (Windows/Mac/Linux; Free): Includes a “Trace Bitmap” feature. Supports colors. Powered by Potrace.
  • Potrace (Windows/Mac/Linux; Free): Command-line. Black and white only.
  • VectorMagic (Web $120/year; Windows/Mac $295)

    Armorial Illustration

    These applications are great for doing mockups of ideas, or for creating personal displays. For SCA submission purposes however, these should be used with caution, as the shield shapes are often not the same as used for submission forms. They do not include all of the charges, field divisions, or ordinaries that the SCA allows, and they may include tinctures, charges, and treatments that do not meet submission standards.

    • DrawShield (Web; Free; Recommended): Includes a wide range of charges and illustration styles. Enter a blazon to generate an image, or follow a series of point-and-click prompts to create a design interactively while it generates the blazon for you. Supports achievements. Includes multiple field shapes including an escutcheon that matches the SCA’s submission form.
    • Inkwell Ideas Coat of Arms Design Studio (Mac/Windows/Linux; Free or $20): Downloadable Java applet with a limited point-and-click coat of arms design tool. Optional paid version that adds a complex lines and the ability to import other charges.
    • Armoria (Web; Free): Point-and-click coat of arms design tool. Under development.
    • Heraldry Studio (Windows; $17): Extremely limited point-and-click coat of arms design tool. Under development.
    • Uplink Heraldry Generator for RPGs (Web; Free): Extremely limited point-and-click coat of arms design tool.
    • WorldSpinner Heraldry Artist (Web; Free): Extremely limited point-and-click coat of arms design tool.
    • pyBlazon Blazonry Server (Web; Free): Enter a blazon to generate an image. Incomplete; current version may be inoperable.

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